SGP News Messages
her publication 'Hominoides reliques au Caucase' in Hominologie et
Cryptozoologie n° 4, 2000, Marie-Jeanne Koffmann refers to an
hitherto unknown monograph as being „ in print “ :
L´Hominoide relique, 399 pages, in Russian. The
author is the Russian fieldresearcher Vadim Makarov, a chairperson on
the Russian Society of Cryptozoologists (RSC).
On June 7, 2002 the well known Russian newspaper Komsomol'skaya Pravda carried the headline „The Snowman emigrates to Russia“ and devoted a whole page to the subject. The newspaper informed about the current publication of an Atlas of the Snowman by Vadim Makarov, and published an interview with the author. The reader was told that Makarov´s Atlas reports on dozens of expeditions by Chinese, Mongolian, American and Russian researchers. In addition, the newspaper reported that the Atlas contains the results of twenty years of research by Makarov, who had led many expeditions.
aspect is particularly surprising in that participants at the Relic Hominoid
seminar in Moscow’s Darwin Museum heard Makarov described as a researcher
yet he took great pains to avoid giving important fielwork data, such
as the exact location and circumstances of the meeting with the "Snowman“,
to the audience. Makarov made himself obvious among the seminar visitors
by frequently vigorously interjecting „Ne nado! Ne nado!“
(Unnecessary! Unnecessary! ), when he wanted to break off a dialog and
was successfully able to prevent answers from speakers to the visitors,
when they asked for basic facts.
* Kuzina, Svetlana. 2002. The Snowman emigrates to Russia,
"Wildman" hair from the Russian Far East
biologist, Evgeni Zlotukhovski, reported the discovery of three unusual
hairs in the Primorye area. Two medical doctors, Pavel Kovalev and Sergej
Sobotovich, one night in Autumn 1999 on one of the upper feeder streams
of the Armu river, saw an unidentified creature resembling a large ape
which moved silently and cautiously. They found the hairs the next day
on their tent after having been away for an hour. The hairs were ten centimetres
long and 0,16 mm thick..
The place where the hairs were found lies in a thinly populated forest region in the far east of Primorye territory. The Armu river runs 300 kilometres south of the town Khabarovsk, which is 150 kilometres from the Sea of Japan. The Primorye territory has been the destination for various 'Snowman' expeditions even in the days of the old Soviet Union. .
Hair found on the Kola peninsular in 1986
February 26th, 2003, the Russian journal Itogi (Balances) published
an extensive articel with the titel The Soviet 'Snowman'.* Among
others the authors reported that already in 1986 Leonid Yershov, a member
of the Russian Society of Cryptozoologists, found "Snowman" hairs in the
Lovozero region on the Kola peninsular in an expected 'Snowman' bed. The
hairs were handed over to the Murmansk Office of Forensic Medicine and
the "complex analyse" came to the conclusion that the hairs
came not from any known mammal from the region but from a vegetarian creature.
Yershov´s report and Bayanov´s comment to it (Bayanov, 1996)
about wildmen sightings in the Lovozero region began only with the happenings
in August 1988.
of the Tundra come to us! and
The deputy president of the Russian Society of Cryptozoologists (RSC), Dr. Michael Trachtenherz, has his own web site on "Relic Hominid" research: www.alamas.ru. This is the first web site of a leading RSC member and one of the very few bilingual sites on the subject in Russian and English. Trachtenherz writes: "The site will work in close cooperation with the Russian Society of Cryptozoologists. The interesting events of the past as well as the last results will be told here."
Trachtenherz has for many years been leader of expeditions to North and East Russia. He belongs to the 'Hominologists', the group around Bayanov and Koffmann, which is the only Russian research group relatively well know in the West. Currently the most extensive part of the site is Vitaly Khakhlov's report on the results of his fieldwork (1907-1917) on the ' wildmen' in Khazakhstan and Kirghizia, firstly published in 1959 *.
The site announced the edition of Gominologia (Hominology)**, a new Russian periodical, edited by Igor Burtsev under the redaction of "enthusiasts and the specialists" Marie-Jeanne Koffmann, Igor Burtsev, Dmitri Bayanov, Michael Trachtenherz and Vadim Makarov. They express the intention to give "a believable picture" of the research and their results in past and future. A brief summary of the first number is given.
The Russian newspaper Yakutsk Vechernij (Evening Yakutsk) reported in Dezember 2002 with the titel In search of the Snowman 1 about the journey of two reporters on the track of a strange animal. The journey was inspired by an article 2 in the 29th March edition of the same newspaper.
In a village in the Verkhoyansk region, Barylas district, an unknown animal had been caught in a wolf-trap in the middle of March 2002. It was already dead when discovered and described "like a primate" about the size like a large dog. The whole body, apart from feets and face, was covered in fur. It had a long tail. There are three versions about what happened with the corpse: The teacher Jakob Potapov from the neighbouring settlement Borulakh said that the body had been taken to the capital Yakutsk. Someone else claimed that the animal had been torn to pieces by dogs and the third version was that "frightened people" had buried the corpse together with the trap.
The chief ot the Sartan town concil, Sergej Slepzov, talked about another similar case half a year earlier. A young man, Albert Slepzov, had found by coincidence a dead unknown animal which was similar to an ape. In this connection it was suggested that it could be a Chuchunaa 3 as the 'wildman' are known in the region. Older local people who had seen the dead animal called it Aabasi kiila 4.
The reporter Elena Tikhonova and the photographer Michael Kotschetov contacted the relatives of Albert Slepzov in the settlement Badagaj. These confirmed that Slepzov had found a strange animal but were unable to say what happened with the corpse. However, according to the council workers of the Verkhoyansk region, Albert Slepzov´s father had buried the body. On hearing this the reporters started out from the capitel Yakutsk to find Albert Slepzov in the Verkhoyansk region. After two hours flying time and twelve hour car driving on dirt tracks they arrived in the village Junkur where Albert Slepzov was supposed to be but wasn´t.
After various difficulties had been overcome, they were able to find the eyewitness's 64 year old father, Afanasi Slepzov, in another place. He reported that his son had found an unknown animal with a long tail in a trap at the end of the October 2001. The colour of the coat was an unusual yellow. The boy was afraid and left the animal behind in the wilderness. Back at home he made a sketch of his find. After a few days Afanasi Slepzov tried to find the animal with a companion but, according to him, unsuccessfully due to new snowfall.
The reporters confronted Slepzov with the statements of other people in the village that in reality he had found the animal and had hidden it. Slepzov denied this. The questioning was not continued as it was obvious that the subject made him uncomfortable. According to statements of other village residents, Slepzov had initially kept his son´s discovery secret and had first begun to talk about it when rumours were already circulating in the village. It was not possible for the reporters to visit the scene of the second finding in March 2002. Some time later a Moscow travel agency offered to finance another expedition.
place where this happened lies on the arctic circle in the autonomous
Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), eastern Siberia, with the capital Yakutsk
about 200 kilometres east of the main ridge of the Verkhoyansk mountains.
This area is one of the coldest on Earth where the winter temperature
can fall to minus 70°C. It is possible to reach many settlements only
by air or over roads which are passable only at certain times of the year.
search of the Snowman', Yakutsk Vechernij. December 7, 2002 (in
to local Pakistan newspapers, the Rossiskij Ufologicheskij Daidjest
* reported about a new wildmen event in Pakistan. The exact date
was not mentioned, but it happened probably in autumn or in winter 2002.
A 20 year-old
citizen of the Pakistan village of Kharipur, Radschu, left his house and
heard strange sounds from the bushes in front of it. Suddenly an aplike
male creature, about 1,20m high, covered with thick black coat, came out
of the bushs and attacked and scratched him. Radschu cried and run bag
into his house. The 'wildmen' fled from the apple garden when other men
using torches began to search around Radschu´s house. Eyewitnesses
reported about the high shrill cries of the creature. Old
villagers remembered they has seen such "strangers from the mountains"
many times in the past, particulary in winter, when they came into the
villages in search for food.
Newspaper report about Almasty sighting
The South Russian newspaper Gazeta Iuga* reported in August 2003 on the sighting of an Almasty in the northern Caucasus. „In the last days of July “ 2003 the 18 year-old Zalim Bolov from Psygansu village met an Almasty. The newspaper quoted him with the following words:
„I went several times at nigth to our rented fields, which are about 8 to 10 kilometres away from the village. We had been watching the cereals because wild pigs had often been trampling down the wheat. On this night, about ten-thirty, I sat on the edge of the wheat field with my gun, intending to frighten the wild pigs, about 70 metres from the forest. There were five of us distributed along the edge of the field about 25 to 30 metres apart. It was very quiet. I heard the crackle of twings from the forest edge. Someone came out of the forest in my direction. It was dark and, at first, I thought that it was a man. When he was about 8 to 10 metres away, I could see him clearly. He was more than 2 metres tall, completely covered with hair and had long arms. He came directly in my direction. I stood up, pointed the gun at him and said in Kabardinian: ´Don´t come any nearer! I will shoot!´ He stopped, looked in my direction, turned around and went back to the forest. As he went away I could hear his load moaning and groaning, then he started to cry. I was frightened and went to where my friends sat.“
Muzarin Tkhashugoev, who sat nearest, recalled that Bolov was very exited: „His eyes were completely round and he tried to talk us into going home “. All five villagers had heard the moaning and groaning. According to them it was nothing like any sound they knew. The villagers from Psygansu think that the Almasty came to the field to eat the weath. According to Gazeta Iuga, villagers recall that in the 50s and 60s villagers had often reported meeting the Almasty near the settlement.
village Psygansu is in the North Caucasus, in the republic of Kabardino-Balkaria,
about 8 miles away from the capital Nalchik. In the last decade a few
new 'wildmen' sightings have found their way into the newspapers of the
North Caucasian republics. However, measured against the current frequency
of such sightings, newspaper reports are very rare.
Kostroma province (Russia)
„Almost every second local hunter od fisherman, who had been to the distant headwaters of the river Unsha, declared that thea had themselves seen the Yeti.“ wrote Romanov, and gives the typical story of an eyewitness: "I went through the forest and felt a cold, penetrating stare from behind. When I turned slowly around, the hairy giant was standing next to the trees about 30 to 40 metres away without blinking.“
The reports describe the outward appareance of the creature consistently: 3 metres high, upright, heavily muscled, wide shouldered, almost without neck, face covered with hair, wide mouth, small squashed nose and ill-tempered eyes. The creature is not aggressive according to the reports. Most of the meetings happened in August and September. At this time of the year the forest is particularly frequented by hunters and mushroom and berry collectors. Hunters from the town Vologda met the creature in the regions Semogoronej, Beketov and Vijterga. According to Romanov, there is no concrete proof of its existence.
The newspaper further reported that there were frequent sightings in Kargopol district, Arkhangelsk province as well as at the northern end of the Voshe lake. Part of this lake belongs to Vologda province. Following Romanov many newspapers in the Arkhangelsk province reported in 1991 that before the very eyes of a surprised cowherds two hairy 'Forest men' stole a cow on the banks of the Voshe lake. On year later, the newspaper Komsomolskaja Pravda reported that the hunter Brjanzev from the town Kargopol had committed suicide because he feared the wrath of the 'Snowman' whose wife he had killed.
On January 29th in the newspaper Chronometer Alexej Ilika** quoted the eyewitness Veniamin Poshilov in connection with a sighting in Kologriv district: „Together with a friend (...) I was fishing in the river Markanga. By change I looked across the river at opposite bank and saw him there in the undergrowth. He stood immobile and looked across at us. He was less than 3 metres high and covered with brown fur, almost without a neck and with a low forehead. For 2 to 3 minutes he looked at us. We turned away for a moment but when we looked at the other bank again there was no-one there. He had literally disappeared.“
According to Ilika, such creature also came up to an experienced hunter´s campfire. He was shocked and hid himself in a small hut from where he watched it. The creature remained near the fire for about ten minutes before disappearing. Another eyewitness also saw a great hairy creature while fishing. In his words lay „ the monster streched out on a tree trunk “. The sketch of a 'wildman' from Kostroma province, following an eyewitness report, was first published in the West by Marie-Jeanne Koffmann (1991: 42)***. The town Kologriv and the river Unsha are found in Kostroma province of the European Russia, about 180 miles north-east of Moscow. Vologda province is the southerly neighbouring province of Kostroma.
Russian newspaper Vremja MN * reported in 2000 in the column
"Press of the region" about two sightigs in Kargopol
snowman appeared once again in the swamps of ivanovo in Kargopol district,
Arkhangelsk province. (...) Vladimir Popov, a tractor driver
from Zerechnyj village saw him as he collected berries. Another eyewitness,
Vladimir Pigodin, is equally convinced about the existence of this creature.
As a school boy in the eight grade, he once noted such a figure at a
distance of 50 meters from a nearby village called Nokola. This creature
stood right in the middle of a field, facing the village with hand covere
face. Looking at its character, it was more or less like a human being,
except that it was quite strong, covered with fur and without clothes."
Under this headline the great Russian newspaper Trud 1 (Work) reported in 2000 about sightings of hairy bipeds on Crimea Peninsular, Ukraine. A monk from a ilsolated monastery near mount Roman-Kosh is quoted with the following words: " Many has seen him. But the abbot did not allowed to talk about it. (...) He is completely covered with fur. He runs as quickly as an ape. But on the legs. And the size...like a basketball player.“ Many of such reports come from the region around the town of Bakhcisaraj, South Crimea. According to the author the "Snowman" has been seen many times on the slopes of Ai-Petri 2 mount too.
The local hunter Nikolay Sevrjukov from Simferopol town: „I saw him by myself. At first I thought it is a bear. He went along the slope and it seemed to me as he had broken branches. I came closer and saw: Oh my god ! A men, not a men, but on two legs, fully hairy and strong like a bull. Instantly he feeled me, jumped and disappeared.“ Apparently there are many such reports in the peninsular. It has been assumed that the creatures lives in the thousands of caves in the Crimea Mountains. The Russian magazin Cudeza i Prikljucenie (Miracles and Adventures)3 writes in 2000 in an anonymous short message likewise on "Snowman" encounters in the Crimea: "(...) Farmers, geologists, hunters and monks (...)" saw the creature. „The Yeti stolen cickens, fruits in the gardens and left prints of his foots. Crimea scientists belief in the phenomenon too.“ A unnamed person saw a manlike "hairy monster with red eyes “ in a cave.
places metioned in both publictions are in the Crimea Mountains which
forms the Southeastern eastern coast of the peninsular. The mountain range
is covered in great parts with forests and bushes. The Crimea was the
destination of expeditions of researchers like Maya Bykova (Zareva, 2000: 37)4.
The native turkic population, Crimea Tatars, is familiar with the creatures
since ancient times and use the name Albasty for it. Dmitri Bayanov
reported 1985 5 (republished in 1996:
63-64) a sighting from the Crimea Mountains.
Encounter in the Hissar Mountains
the headline "Night rendevous in the Hissar Mountains“,
reported Victor Novikov * in the Russian newspaper Lichnoe Mnenie
(Personal Opinion) about his encounter with a 'Snowman' in the Western
Pamirs. On July 23, 1990, the author, together with his escort, spent
a night at Lake Pairon. In the morning, he stood up and went to the fireplace.
It was still dark. In a tranquil of silence, he heard from a distance,
footsteps of a creature. With his torch, Novikov flashed in the direction
where the footsteps were coming from. He saw a 2-2.5 meter hairy human
like creature that stood at a distance from where they were camping. Novikov
whistled. That creature whistled back, turned around and stood motionless.
Its eyes emitted a phosphorescent light. „It looked in a very
serious, sharp and unfriendly manner. Its face reminded him of a backed
apple.“ It uttered a groaning like scream, turned and
dissappeared in the moutains.
In the Russian newspaper Tribuna, Vladimir Ovchennikov** reported on July 18, 2003, inter alia, about a wildmen sighting in Komi Republic. Until recently, the local researcher Lenian Ignatov, from Jagkedz village, Ust-Kulomsk district, had been tracing the ‘Snowman‘. Already during his childhood, Ignatov had heard about stories of an over two meter tall red haired giant, which in this region had been called Gynja-Mort. However, all these stories were from the beginning of the last century. The most recent information came from a hunter, who claimed to have seen this creature „...at a distance of 100 meters twenty years ago.“ According to Ovchennikov Ignatov reported: „ The hunter told me: It was a huge man. He had two legs, which were extremely crumbled. The body had the colour of chestnuts.“
collected eyewitness reports from the village, which left him convinced
that the Gynja-Mort actually lived here. It seems that this creature did
not fear much and that it may not have caused any harm to the villagers.
Inhabited settlements in this countryside must have been rare. In the
1970s, there ware in this region wood factories which worked in the forests
with heavy technic. „The hairy men just disappeared in those
days and no one knows where it went.“, said Ignatov. These
factories are no longer in existence since ten years now. Ignatov is very
optimistic that the "Snowman" will return. „...The
Taiga will become again thicker and inaccessible.“ The Komi
republic makes the northwestern part of European Russia. The Ural Mountains
make up ist eastern border. It covers an area of nearly 416.000 qkm with
about 1,1 million inhabitants (1996). Jagkedz village lies approximately
1000 km northeastern of Moscow.
Simbirskij Kur'er about "Snowmen" in Tajikistan
the Russian Newspaper Simbirskij Kur'er (Simbirsk Courier), Arsenij
Korolev 1) reported in 2002 among others about a
1982 expedition oft the Tajik Academy of Science in the Hissar Mountains
in the western Pamirs. The academy was equally involved in the 'snowman'
problem. According to Korolev, in the 1980s, many adventure lovers came
to Tajikistan in search of snowmen. During their holidays, media workers
organised themselves into groups and came to the Hissar Mountains. A great
number of publications followed as a result and the local press was full
of stories concerning the Gul' 2). He writes:
“Only few, however, knew that this puzzle would be solved by
the scientists of the Tajik Academy of Science." Tatjana
Vasileva, at that time a scientist at the academy, is quoted as following:
“Despite all that, the scientists were not inactive. Of course
we were inquisitive to follow the traces of the snowman, particularly
so when this legends was just close to us. But the leading stuff of the
Academy was against an official expedition. The only thing that we could
do was to organize an expedition that was dealing with soil profiles.
At the same time, we could also search for traces of the snowman.”
The Russian Newspaper Tribuna (Reviewing Stand) published in May of this year an interview with Igor Burtsev about ‘Snowman’ research in Russia. The Interviewer, Sergej Vinokurov *, explains that in Moscow there is a fund called Kryptosphera designed to support the search for the "Snowmen". The fund is connected to an International Centre of Hominology in Moscow. According to Vinokurov, Igor Burtsev is the director. He belongs to the leadership of the Russian Society of Cryptozoologists and has been involved with the research of the "Snowman" question since the 1960s. The following gives an abridged version of the interview.
Igor Dmitrievich, what kind of science is Hominology really?
There are Hominologists practically everywhere in the world, but in
China there are official scientific organizations financed by the State,
that are working on these questions. But the Chinese Hominologists are
not in a hurry to present the results of their research to the world.
But for us in Russia - the birthplace of the science of the snow people
- Hominology is still not an official science. The opponents of this idea
say: ‘The existence of the snow people - that is a myth.’
In 2003 the newspaper Moskovskie Novosti (Moscow News) published an article by Anna Rudnizkaja 1), which included an interview with Dmitri Bayanov. The following is a translation of the abbreviated article.
“ [...] A popular Russian weekly newspaper also commented on resolving the mystery of the Snowmen. ‘Where did the Snowman go?’ citizen Sidorov from Omsk asked the editorial staff and received the answer: ‘He didn’t go anywhere because he never existed in the first place. According to an ex-KGB officer, operation ‘Snowman’ was conceived and implemented by the KGB 2) in the 1980s when the people of the USSR stood in endless queues for food and basic commodities. It was necessary to divert the attention of the people away from the poor living conditions.’
Dmitri Bayanov showed me the cutting from the newspaper he was naturally
restrained but his expression was clear: If ever he met this ex-KGB
officer in a dark alley…
While the scientific revolution, spoken about as essential
by hominologists for so long, has not yet happened, the article 3)
changed the spirit of at least one person.
‘Don’t you know of an oligarch who might be interested in
the problem? What they demand of us is, catch and bring one for us to
see and then we will believe you. But how can we catch one? You can’t
hunt a bear empty-handed. Theoretically, the Russian branch of hominology
is the strongest but our foreign colleagues are more likely to make
a break-through in the practical sphere sooner than we are.’ Despairing
of ever getting support at home, several years ago Dmitri Bayanov wrote
a letter to Bill Clinton. He did not simply drop it into a mail box
in Moscow but sent it along with an American he knew to be sure it arrived
safely. In the opening paragraph he congratulated Clinton on his election
as president of the United States of America, pointing out the difficult
path to victory, and in the next 15 paragraphs described the plight
of Russian hominologists and the importance of their studies for the
future of mankind.
‘You have a film 5), you have
footprints and there are again numerous reported Yeti sightings but
you are nevertheless not taken seriously. How do you think the situation
could be changed?’
“The Screaming of Sendushnyj.
Alexander. 2004. In the wild districts of ice and winter storm',Yakutia,
May 21 (in Russian).
In September 2003, Tajna Zizni (Secret of Life) published an article by Elena Kuzmina 1) on the ‘Snowman’ in Russia and, among other things, about newly discovered traces of Snowmen in the woods near the town of Malaja Vishera, Novgorod province, about 100 miles south-east of St. Petersburg. The region became known to the Russian media in connection with the ‘Snowman’ through the book Avdoshki. Encounters with Snowman (1996), by Oleg Ivanov in which he claimed to have observed ‘Snowmen’ over decades in the area. The Track Record 2) of the Western Bigfoot Society informed in 1997 that Valentin Sapunov has send them the book. Bayanov 3) published in 1999 a comment to the book in Bigfoot Co-op.
the sub-headline “On the track of Avdoshki”, Kuzmina
wrote in Tajna Zizni : "Still another fact has
been discovered about the existence of the Snowman in the woods of Novgorod.
Two weeks ago the Moscow cryptozoologists-scientist [Names of these
‘cryptozoologists’ are not mentioned] [...] who
had been in Malaja Vishera, again found traces of the Yeti in a wood on
the swamp island of Terekhun. As the Petersburg scientist Valentin Sapunov,
one of the rare specialists on the Snowmen in Russia, heard about this
he dropped everything and left for Malaja Vishera. He stayed with Oleg
Ivanov, the native poet and passionate hunter of the Yeti. The searching
season begins for Oleg Mikhajlovich [Ivanov's patronym] usually
in spring when the snow melts. [...] And most importantly - in
spring one can better find tracks in the moist earth. [...] The Yeti is
a migratory creature, the poet claims. In Novgorod province one still
meets him in the Khvojnin and Ljubytin districts. Sometimes he goes into
Leningrad [St. Petersburg] province. In our region one
of the subspecies of Avdoshki lives – the northern. They are larger
here than those, for example, in the south. [...] In
our province there are perhaps three specimens [...] His remains
were once actually found in Kirov province during the civil war. [...]
October 31, 2004
Interview with Mikhail Kirokosjan, Astrakhan (2003)
The Astrakhan edition of the newspaper Mosvovskij Komsomolez 1) published in 2003 an interview with the cryptozoologist Mikhail Kirokosjan. The following translation covers the central points of the interview.
[Sokolova:] [...] Were there really Snowmen in Astrakhan?
[Kirokosjan:] Among the Astrakhan-Russian people, until the end of the 19th Century, there was a legend about ‘Lopasta’ which was later identified with ‘Rusalka’. She lived in the reeds and in the steppe. [...] In the ravines of the Volodarsk district there was a village with the name of Albastinskij ( ‘Albasty’ is the Nogaian description for ‘wild people’). Possibly they were called that with good reason. Some event happened there which was connected to the appearance of the 'Snowmen'. [...] In the 1920s they were seen in Kalmykia 2) close to a small sea of reeds and in the 1930s Albasty were on the bank of Bis-Chokho. [...]
[Sokolova:] But are there current reports about meetings with the 'Snowmen'?
Not too long ago, in October 1998-99, two unexpected ‘wild men’
visitors were noticed in the north of the Astrakhan province. On one occasion
a male example was seen and in another a female with a child. Although,
naturally, one cannot say with any certainty that this was a female. [...]
The ‘Snowmen’ which appeared in our province were of medium
size, about 1.8 m and covered in fur. It is quite possible that this isn’t
the only case. Many people saw these creatures but were afraid to tell
anyone about it. [...] At the end of May 2000 a series of footprints from
a large specimen and a child were found on the border between the province
of Astrakhan and Volgograd. [...] As the specialists from Moscow saw them
they decided that they were tracks from 'Snowmen'.
1997-2000 Kirokosjan organized four expeditions of the Astrakhan branch of the Russian Geographical Society in the Volga-Ural sand territory. According to www.alamas.ru (2003) he published in 2002 a book in Russian: In search of mysterious Cryptids. The south Russian town of Astrakhan is the capital of the province with the same name and lies at the estuary of the Volga and the Caspian Sea. The eastern border of the province forms the state border between Russia and Kazakhstan.
August 2001, the Russian magazine Karavan + I published
an article 1) about the killing of a wild man
on the old Soviet-Afghanistan border. According to the author, border
guards of the Kevran 2) unit in the Pamir
Mountains saw a "Snowman" during the winter of 1967/68. They
reported their observation to their superior, Kuzkov, the officer in charge
of the unit. He did not, at first, pay any attention to it.
magazine questioned two scientists to establish what had happened to the
remains of the "Snowman". One of these was Georgy Skvorzov, director of
the programme Animals in inhabited settlements and, according
to Karavan, for many years a collector of information about the ‘Snowmen’.
2004 a documentary with the title "In search of the Snowman"
* was repeated on various Russian television channels. Its topic
was the existence of the 'Snowman' in the European part of north Russia.
To begin with, a commentator described as "searcher Andrej I."
reported about an observation by cavers in 2003. They saw a human-like,
hairy creature one night in a cave area in the south of St. Petersburg
province and saw its tracks. The cave into which the creature disappeared
was examined by "searcher Andrej I." ** in the
TV documentary. He also commentated at other parts of the documentary.
1. Surviving Neanderthals
Various scientists spoke, among them Vaceslav Tarantul, deputy director of an institute for molecular genetics, Leonid Firsov, director of the St. Petersburg Primate Centre, Stanislav Dobryshevskij, anthropologist, and Svjatoslav Medvedjev, director of an "institute for researching the human brain". The well known Russian researcher, Dr. Valentin Sapunov, commented most extensively. The television team went with him to places where meetings with "Snowmen" had occurred in the St. Petersburg area. Sapunov explained his theory about 'Snowmen' as "biological humans" - an alternative to the "social humans" which Homo sapiens represent.
An electron-microscope photograph of a hair found in the St. Petersburg region was shown as a presumed "Snowman" hair. According to Sapunov it was tested in the "Centre for Biological Research at the Academy of Sciences in the Czech Republic". It could not be ascribed to any known mammal. Sapunov also showed a fragment of a tree trunk with scratch marks found on the "forest island Terekhun"in the Novgorod region. In his opinion these marks come from a "Snowman".
He reported further that he had repeatedly worked in palaeontological collections at home and abroad and had seen "strange bones" which could not be classified. According to Sapunov these were accepted by the "owners of the archives" as "rare pathologies" of human bones. In his opinion these bones could possibly be ascribed to the "Snowman". Particulars about these bones and their repositories were not disclosed.
The Chelyabinsk biologist 1), Nikolaj Avdeev is a well known personality in the Russian "Snowman" scene. In 1987 Bayanov 2) published in Bigfoot Co-op a summary of two letters to him from Avdeev with some comments. These contained Andeevs field work in the Komi Republic. Jane and Colin Bord's 1989 book 3) contained a photograph of Avdeev.
In the Russian journal Uralskij Sledopyt (Ural Stalker), Avdeev published a report 4) in 2002 about the killing of a ' Wildman' by villagers in the southern Urals about 1913. The saga took place in Ibragimovo village on the river Techa, about 30 miles north-east of the city of Chelyabinsk in the eastern southern Urals. According to Avdeev, he learned about the story from the Bashkir living in Chelyabinsk, Fail Sadykov, who had heard it from his grandfather, Galim Garipov, who claimed to have seen the dead creature when he was still a child. At the time, the newspaper Permskie Gubernskie Vedmosti is said to have carried a message about the case.
According to Garipov, a wild, human-like, hairy creature appeared at that time in the vicinity of Ibragimovo village. In the regional folktales and legends it is referred to as Shurale. The creature killed domestic animals at night and filled the surrounding forest with savage cries. The village inhabitants armed themselves with hayforks, axes etc. and hunted and killed the Shurale. It had been buried in a flat earth hole. But it was yet alive and was found dead beside the hole it the next morning.
Superiors were informed who visited the village and looked at the dead creature. Avdeev: "They examined the slain Shurale and although he was human-like, he differed considerably from modern humans: He was black, completely covered in hair, with pronounced brow-ridges, a small squashed nose, without a forehead, with a massive neck, arms which reached to under the knee, eyes with a red colour, great white teeth and blunt nails." The creature was buried in the forest outside the village by the local Mullah. Nasifa Galimovna Sadykova, Fail Sadykov's mother, recalled that her father had shown her the approximate position of the grave when she was a child. According to Avdeev, together with his informant Fail Sadykov he undertook several trips to the area in search of the grave.
village of Ibragimovo lies in the area of the atomic-power station Majak
which had had an accident in 1957 whereby, according to present day information,
about twice the amount of the leaked Chernobyl radioactivity was released.
As a result about 10.000 people were evacuated as well as the village
of Ibragimovo which still remains uninhabited today. In the search for
eyewitnesses of the event, Avdeev found an old man, Keramat Abdulin, who
had previously lived in Ibragimovo. He is quoted with the following words:
"When I was twelve years old, one of my older friends didn't
just tell me about Shurale but also showed me his grave upon which we
stood and danced about as a test of courage." Abdulin
sketched a map of the village with the position of the grave and visited
the spot with Avdeev. An "immediate inspection" however
revealed that the grave was not at the spot Abdulin thought he remembered.
the newspaper Zhizn-Khabarovsk, appearing
in Khabarovsk city (Russian Far-East), Vladislav Verigo
5) wrote in August 2004 that the "scientist and
biologist"Nikolaj Avdejev seemed to have found "the
grave of the Snowman" in the Urals:
According to Verigo, an examination of the skull was carried out by two scientists from St. Petersburg, the morphologist Garutt, member of a zoological institute and the anthropologist Chartanovich from the Institute of Anthropology and Ethnography. Garutt observed that the face of the skull had an unusual animal expression and that the creature must have possessed enormous strength. Valentin Sapunov supposedly found similarities with the skull unearthed by Igor Burtsev in Abkhazia. According to Verigo, scientists offered Avdeev a further "Yeti grave" to open in the Urals, to which he is supposed to be on the way. Verigo's article contained a portrait photograph of Avdeev as well as a photograph of the Shurale skull.
At the beginning of August 2004 the Ufa edition of Komsomol'skaya Pravda 6) had already reported that Nikolaj Avdeev had succeeded in finding a "Snowman skeleton" in the Urals, but did not publish details of the circumstances of the find and no photographs.
terms Shurale, Jarymtyk and Urman Jase are used in the folklore
of Bashkir and Kazan Tartars for a wild, human-like creature. According
to folklore tradition it lives in the forest and its whole body is covered
in hair. Its description is similar to that of the 'Leshij', a personality
in the Russian folklore.
The following information was contained in an article  published in Novgorodskie Vedmosti, a Novgorod newspaper: "In the same region  where the Moscowers discovered prints of large feet, Sapunov  found nail like traces on a tree: four clearly marked bruises from teeth could be observed. These 'tooth-prints' closely resembled those that were found by the scientist in Karelia few years ago. At that time, the laboratory analysis carried out at the Institute for Genetics (where Sapunov works) revealed that the distance between the canines of this creature were 2.3 times bigger than that of a contemporary human being."
 Anonymous. 2003. On the traces of Avdoshki, Novgorodskie Vedmosti,
28 (2298), August 23 (in Russian).
an article 1) in
2004, the Ufa edition of Komsomol'skaja Pravda reported among
other news that teenagers had one night seen a human figure covered in
hair near the village of Verkhnemancharovo 2)
in Ilishevsk district, Bashkortostan (Bashkira).
At first, the village adults paid no attention to the report.
One inhabitant of the village asserted that he had seen the creature in his car headlights and had been followed by it. In the next issue 3) of Komsomol'skja Pravda it was reported among other things that the three Muscovite eye-witnesses had found fresh footprints about 30 cm long by 10 cm wide at one spot. The stride length was about 2 metres. Nearby they found an imprint of a very large hand. They had the impression that the creature had slipped in the mud and had fallen down.
According to the newspaper the character of 'Albasty' also existed in the Bashkirian folklore. 'Albasty' is described as a creature which usually comes to the villages at night. It can kill people by pressing them against his chest with his unusually long arms. Another similar creature in the Bashkirian folklore is the character 'Shurale', a hairy, two-legged creature of huge size. According to popular belief, people who became lost in the forest were tickled to death by 'Shurale'.
The following information came from Gulnara Shakirova and was published in three editions of Komsomol'skaja Pravda in August 2004. According to Shakirova, in the light of the above mentioned events the Komsomol'skaja Pravda organised a small expedition to the forests of Ilishevsk district. Together with local inhabitants "a trap" was set in a clearing where the 'Snowman' had often been seen. The expedition did not succeed in observing anything but only heard an "inhuman cry". 4)
The local Nurgaliev family went into the forest to collect nuts. Thereby, the father of the family, Fidrat Nurgaliev, went deeper into the forest. As he pulled a branch of nuts towards himself, he suddenly saw an enormous, hairy creature which was also collecting nuts two metres away from him. Both were frightened and ran away from each other in different directions. At two o'clock in the morning, the teenagers Rusil Khaliulin and Almaz Khaidarov from Verkhnemancharovo village went to a field hoping to see the 'Snowman'. Horses were grazing near a granary and about four o'clock the horses began to mill about and whinny. Looking beyond the horses the boys saw a great dark silhouette which was moving towards them. The boys ran away. 5)
seventeen year old Dinar Dimukhametov told how he and others were in a
car at night driving outside the village. When they got out of the car
to have a smoke they noticed a dark figure coming directly at them. They
became frightened, got into the car and drove quickly back to the village.
The creature followed them. Dimukhametov: "We didn't drive less
than 100 kph but he ran almost alongside the car. It was as if he wanted
to play Tag with us. We were able to shake him off. It was terrible!" Rusil
Khaliulin reported that he found his horse far away from the spot where
he had tied it up. The horse was bloody and shaking as if it had been
hunted for a long time. On the right side it had numerous wounds, one
of which had obviously been caused by three claws.
newspaper Vechernaja Kazan, from Kazan, the capital of Tatarstan,
Russian Federation, shared the following in August 2001: “A
hunter from the Narynsk province [Kyrgyztan] discovered tracks
of an unknown being in the mountains. Scientists were able to take a photo
of these tracks - length: 45 cm, width: 35 cm. Experts assume that the
hominoid (if it was one) came here from the neighboring Pamir, where Tajik
rebels have caused him to shy away.” *
* Anonymous. 2001. The Snowman surfaced in Kyrgyztan, Vechernaja
Kazan, 134 (2241), August 22 (in Russian).
The newspaper Marijskaja Pravda, from the Republic Marij El, Russian Federation, reported in 2003 about an encounter of the hunter Igor “Belozerov” [according to Igor B.'s request, his family name was changed by the newspaper] with a “forest man”. According to the newspaper, the hunter had heard stories about the “forest people” from his father, who claimed to have seen them in the 50s. Up to four years ago, Igor B. didn’t believe such stories. He was on a hunt and returned in the evening to a hunter’s hut in the Kilemarsk forest. The door had strong springs, so that it shut by itself. On this evening, he sat down to eat in the hut with his back to the door. This was opened, and then closed again immediately. No one could be seen outside. During the night, the hunter awoke suddenly. A being stood bent over him, which looked similar to both an ape and a man.
Igor B.: “The face was hairy, with a very strongly developed brow and a large, flat nose. I wanted to scream and jump up, but I was paralyzed by fear. This thing studied me for about one minute, which seemed like eternity to me, straightened himself, and then went through the door. Strength returned to me. This night guest was two meters tall, strongly built, with wide shoulders, and not clothed despite the cold.” *
Igor B. explained that there are not few of these reports in the Marij El Republic. According to Marijskaja Pravda he was able, some time after the described encounter, to observe two such beings. Further details were not explained here. The Kilemarsk forest is about 60 km west of Joshkar Ola, the capital of Marij El Republic. The Republic is about 440 miles east of Moscow. It borders on the north with the Kirov province, from which many of these observations have been reported in the last years.
Jakob. 2003. Our other worldly forest, Marijskaja Pravda,
February 4 (in Russian).
Novosibirsk edition of Komsomol’skaja Pravda published
an article in November 2004 about observation of hairy beings similar
to humans in the Kyshtovka district of the Omsk province, southwest Siberia.
On August 22, 2004, the 14-year-old Vitali Korneev claims to have observed
such a being as he was guarding cows during the day in open pastures near
the village Komarovka. He is quoted as follows: “Not
more than 30 meters away from me something moved: not a person and not
a bear. He was two meters tall, maybe a bit more; had wide shoulders and
was somewhat bent. He was completely covered in brown hair, except for
the palms of his hands, which were smooth like those of humans. The eyes
were also human, but the nose was like that of an ape: pushed in; only
two nostrils were to be seen. I noticed that the being moved smoothly
and silently… Not like bears […] ”
winter 2005 Ukrainian newspapers and TV reported about a planned “Snowman”
expedition in summer 2005 in Rivne (Rovno) province, Western Ukraine.
Rivne province, about 200 miles western from the capital Kiev, borders
in the north with the Pripjat swamps (Belarus). A number of “wildmen”
reports exist from this area. In 2004 footprints and excrements has been
found in the Rivne forests. The expedition will be organized by a society
from Zaporozhe, Ukraine. On of the organizers, the Ukrainian Vladislav
Kanjuk, took part in many “Snowman” expeditions during the
Soviet time. According to him he saw “Snigovoi ljudini”
(Ukrainian for ‘Snow people’) 14 times in the Pamirs and in
the Altai. He claims to be the first Ukrainian who has photographed the
documentary TV report in Russian deals with the “Snowman”
theme and its research in the territory of the former Soviet Union. It
was first broadcast in Russian TV in 2003. A number of eye witnesses reports
on encounters during the last years. Among these is Boris Liberov, a hunter.
Through many newspaper reports, the account of his encounter with an adult
and a juvenile “Snowman” in Kirov province** became known
in Russia. In the documentary, the hunter appears in the woods near his
village, relating his encounter. Various sketches of the “Snowman”
are illustrated in the film, apparently based on eye witness descriptions.
The documentary continues that „The latest report concerning Almasty comes from Siberia…”. Film sequences of the landscape at the river Ankara, taken by a video camera, depict a dark man-like figure on the steep riverside, who is said to be a “Snowman”. Details are unclear in the film, which originated in the province of Irkutsk, South Siberia. The documentary was broadcast several times on Russian TV in 2003 and 2004. Credits indicate that documentary material originated from the personal video archive of Dr. Koffmann.
the 19th of May 2005 the Russian TV channel TNT broadcasted in the serie
Unbelievable But True a documentary on “Snowman”
research in the Russian Federation. On of our Russian coworkers has send
a summary by email. According to him, the report mentiones Alexander Starostin,
Igor Burtsev, Dmitri Bayanov, Gleb Koval, Vadim Chernobrov and other researchers.
Expeditions into the Caucasus, to Middle Asia and Kirov district has been
mentioned. Three messages concering the North Caucasian republic of Kabardino-Balkaria:
Two locals claimed to have seen the “Snowman”. It was further
reported that about ten years ago a village girl had been captured by
June 1, 2005
Books on "Snowman" by Igor Burtsev?
To this day in the West, essential aspects of Russian literature dealing with "relic hominids" on the territory of the former Soviet Union remain unknown. Searching for and analysing of this literature is integral to studying the problem in Eurasia. Various advices indicate that books by Burtsev exist which deal with this subject. Up to now, the existence of such books has been unknown in the West. In the current known publications of the Moscow "hominologists", books by Burtsev are not mentioned.
German journalist, Alexander Smoltzcyk, has drawn attention to such a
book. He was particularly interested in the Caucasian "Snowman"
and visited Abkhazia in 1994, where he met with the archaeologist, Dr.
Juri Voronov. Voronov, who knew Burtsev personally, referred Smoltzcyk
to a monography by Burtsev, entitled, The snowman on the territory
of the USSR. The Pamir traveller Johann Gornenskij, who
was also interested in the ‘Snowman’ problem, wrote the following
in his book Secrets of the Pamirs: “…However,
young enthusiasts followed […], Burtsev and Tatsl, but one is better
advised to read these authors’ books.” 
On the 6th of June 2004 the Russian Radio station Mayak broadcasted an interview with Vadim Chernobrov with the title Snowman. Myth or reality? Chernobrov is chairman of the Russian organisation Kosmopoisk. According to Burtsev and Bayanov the organisation took part in search and research of Snowman in Russia and has one sector of Hominology *. Chernobrov took part in the fieldwork in Kirov province where his group found a supposedly "Snowman" camp **. In the interview he comments this finding. The main part of the interview deals not with "Snowman", but with phenomena like corn circles. It can be heard under http://www.radiomayak.ru/schedules/244/15594-audio.html
Some local Russian newspapers reported about sightings in Perm province in the summer of 2005. Elena Tupitsyna, a resident of the village Mizhuj, saw, along with her relatives, an unknown animal around one in the morning. It was "white with long, unkempt fur, and less than two meters tall." In the newspaper Parma Novosti it is described as one meter tall. It’s movements were similar to humans. One of the adults whistled and the being disappeared in the forest.
At the end of the summer of 2005, a similar being was also observed from the guard of a store in the village of Gurin, not far from Mizhuj village. He described "a large, furry ape.” The being was seen again in the same village: two teachers were going home at dusk and noticed a being which was covered with unkempt, light-colored fur. In August 2005, three teenagers from Kudymkar city were sitting by the edge of the forest and roasting potatoes. They saw how three beings came out of the forest: “...one was smaller than the others - white and unkempt.”  The local Komi people have named this being Chochko mort, which means in Komi language “white man”.
from Mizhuj village have also reported that two years ago, four Chochko
morts were observed in a neighbouring village at night during the hay
harvest. Fourteen residents of the village saw the four humanlike creatures.
They were described as being two meters tall. According to the newspaper
the local population has known about Chochko mort for a long time.
The city of Perm is located about 600 miles northeast of Moscow in the
western forelands of the Middle Urals. The district’s centre Kudymkar,
mentioned here, lies about 80 miles northwest of Perm.
March 13, 2006
Russian Tourism Company offers trips On the Trail of the Snowman
The Russian tourism company OOO DS Travel Club *, a part of the Diners Club Russia, is now offering trips On the Trail of the Snowman in the Kirov forests in central Europan Russia. The program of this trip, described as an expedition, includes, among other things, questioning of eye witnesses, setting up observation cameras, setting out baits, and a search for the “Snowman’s” camps. For more information on "Snowman" in Kirov province see under 'Reports': Encounters and research in Kirov province, Central European Russia.
See above: Interview
with Mikhail Kirokosjan, Astrakhan (2003)
March 30, 2006
Expedition in the Altai Mountains in 2006
newspaper Altaiskaja Pravda* announced in February 2006 a new
"Snowman" expedition. Their destination is the south of the Gorno-Altaisk
Republic, southern Siberia. The planned expedition route runs from the
Ust-Koksa settlement to the sources of the Katun river in the Belukha
mountain massive on the Russian-Kazakh border. The Altai mountains are
one of the "classic" "Snowman" territories in the former Soviet
Union. Sponsors from the Gorno-Altaisk Republic are supporting the expedition.
It was planned to leave on February 8, 2006, from Ust-Koksa. Further details
were not reported.
* Gerasimov, Aleksej. 2006. Expedition on the track of "Snowman", Altaiskaja
Pravda, 31 (25406), February 4 (in Russian).
On May 27, 2005, we informed about a Russian TV reportage Snowman: The new track. The report was broadcast in 2005 numerous times on the Russian TV channel TNT, including the first of August. A member of our study group had the possibility to see it. Here are some further significant details:
The main part is the field research in the Kirov Province during the last few years. Several researchers, which according to Russian newspapers have participated in the Kirov field work, discuss the topic: Igor Burtsev, Gleb Koval, Vadim Chernobrov, Andrej Tshemodanov and Anatolij Fokin.1 According to Fokin, video cameras recorded strange shadows during a two-month observation in the Kirov forests. Sergej Drushko, the report’s commentator, adds that when these films are played slowly, a hairy leg can be seen. The film sequence was shown in the report. Several eye witnesses report about their encounters in the Kirov province.
One of these is similar to an encounter on the Kola Peninsula from 1988.2 In the Kirov forests, some teenagers were spending the night in a hunter’s hut. A wild man attempted to force himself into the hut. Gleb Koval: “… He [the wild man] was able to open the door. The Yeti grabbed a boy, left with him and was bellowing during this. He picked up the 15 year old boy as easily as a feather. One of his friends took a firework and lit it. It exploded loudly. The Yeti let the boy drop and ran away.”
According to Drushko, a tuft of hair was found in the Kirov province. A DNA analysis showed that "it did not belong to a species known by science". Plant pollen has been found in the hair which is only present in the North Caucasus - according to Drushko "especially in Kabardino-Balkaria." The Balkarian eye witness Vitali Borchaev reported about his encounter in the central Caucasus in Balkaria and shows the place where this happened.
Dmitri Bayanov tells the Albert Ostmann story. Bayanov: "We know that they [the wild men] truly kidnap men. They kidnap human women. The women kidnap the men." Burtsev and Bayanov express the hunch that in case of an ecological catastrophe, the wild men have a better chance of survival than Homo sapiens. Bayanov: "If a catastrophe happens, they might survive better than humans. They are waiting for their time."
Furthermore, the report shows some amateur film footage from a Pamir expedition from the 80s. This was narrated by Igor Burtsev. In this, Nina Grinyova shows her encounter in 1980 in Pamir apparently in the original location.3 Additionally, one can see the creation of a plaster cast of a footprint in the Pamirs.The report contains some mistakes and confusion: among other things, personal names are given incorrectly and localities are falsely named.
April 26, 2006
Photo report of an expedition in Kirov province, Russia, in 2004
the last years several "Snowman" expeditions were organized in the Russian
Kirov province. One of these expeditions lastet from the 5th up to the
9th of May 2004. Members were Maxim Golubev, Evgenij Troshin, Sergej Ananov
and Vera Smolina.
The Russian website www.x-files.ru*
published a photo report of this expedition. For further informations
on "Snowman" in Kirov province see under 'Reports': Encounters
and research in Kirov province, Central European Russia.
May 14, 2006
Ukrainian newspaper reported on an expedition in the Caucasus in 2005
Ukrainian newspaper Tekhnopolis * reported on an expedition
in the northern Caucasus. Anatoly Sedorenko, a former correspondent of
this newspaper, participated in the expedition in summer 2005. According
to the newspaper, this was a international expedition.
Groups were formed, which then investigated a specific area. Sedorenko
claims that once during this expedition, he awoke around 3:00 a.m. and
heard two men speaking. He did not know the language, but it reminded
him of the Balkarian language. He also heard noises that reminded him
of wild pigs. As he came out of the tent, he saw an Almasty that
was quickly running away and mumbling. According to the newspaper, he
was lured by wine and the smell of alcohol: the Almasty drank
about half a liter of wine and left footprints. Plaster casts were made.
A photo of such a plaster cast was published in the newspaper. The area
of work was only given as the northern Caucasus.
On January 16, 2006, the Prague information agency Medium-Orient reported in www.caucasustimes.com on Almasty observations in Kabardino-Balkaria, North Caucasus. On January 15, 2006, in the Dolina Narzanov valley, two hunters from the Zolsk district* met an unusual figure, which was crawling on all fours. The hunters shot a few warning rounds, because they believed that it was a large bear. The unknown being stood up and the hunters understood that it was a „Snowman“. According to the eyewitnesses, the being disappeared with the agility of a wild animal in the depths of the forest. The hunters claim that they found there tracks of a foot with four toes, which were unusually long: 80 cm. A tuft of red-brown hair was also apparently found there. Another eyewitness from the Zolsk district is quoted as such: A short while ago I parked my car and went to collect water from the mountain stream. When I came back, I noticed a 2 meter tall being next to my car, covered with dark fur. When he first noticed me approaching, he escaped fearfully into the forest.
district in the western part of Kabardino-Balkaria - main working area
of Dr. Marie-Jeanne Koffmann.
October 11, 2006
Moscow Hominologist gives bone sample to the USA for investigation
According to the Russian newspaper Komsomolskaja Pravda, Igor Burtsev was invited to the USA.1 There, he will deliver a bone sample of a skull to a “Laboratory for the Genetics of the Neanderthals of the New York University" for analysis. Burtsev found this skull in the 70s during an excavation while he was looking for the grave of Zana in Abkazia, Caucasus. This is alleged to have been a female “Snowman”. Zana was captured and tamed in the 19th century in Abkazia. It is claimed that the skull that was found comes from one of Zana’s children.2 Burtsev: “American and German scientists want to decode the genetic makeup of the Neanderthal.” Burtsev would like to know if the scientists can prove there is DNA from a Neanderthal in the sample. Komsomolskaja Pravda quotes him with the following words: “If that is so, then I could claim that this is the descendant of a “Snowman.” And the “Snowman” itself is a Neanderthal.” Igor Burtsev, one of the Moscow Hominologists, is a leading member of the Russian Society of Cryptozoologists. A photograph of this skull was published by Dmitri Bayanov (1996). According to Bayanov the skull is "a combination of modern and ancient features, which aroused great interest among anthropologists".3
Vladimir. 2006. A Caucasian Prisoner. Komsomolskaja Pravda, August
11 ( in Russian).
November 13, 2006
Molodoj Leninez about encounters in central European Russia (2004)
According to the Russian newspaper Molodoj Leninez *, the residents of the village Virga claim that an unknown being has been living in the surrounding area of the village for a while. This being steals small animals from the settlements. A resident of the village claims to have seen the being with his own eyes. It was chopping at the wood of a house on the edge of the village one evening. Suddenly, his dog started barking and could not be calmed. The man believed that his neighbor had guests: “I went to the fence and saw – someone was standing 100 meters away from me. A person – yet not a person. A gorilla – yet not a gorilla. And it wasn’t like a bear … . Stood and looked directly at me. I was so afraid, the blood ran cold in my veins.” The being disappeared shortly thereafter. No clear tracks were found. Two days later, the neighbor of the eye witness heard noises at night in the farm. She thought it was a thief, but couldn’t recognize anything in the dark. She lit a candle and went to the window. Directly in front of her, she saw a “hairy mug.” She didn’t trust herself to leave the house until the morning. Later she realized that two chickens were missing.
The village Virga is about 50 miles northwest of Pensa city. Pensa is the capital of the province with the same name, about 250 miles southeast of Moscow and 100 miles away from the Saratov region. In 1989, some encounters in the Saratov region became known.
Jacob. 2004. The Snowman exist. Molodoj Leninez, 42 (7192), October
19 (in Russian).
November 27, 2006
Kalgamashka on the lower Amur river
The Russian newspaper Vsja Rossija segodnja reported that the hunter Nikolaj Dechuli from the Daergi settlement found unusual footprints a few times. He has often seen an unknown being, which he thinks is a bear in the first instant: A giant covered in thick fur stood a few meters from him. His face was the most surprising – it was disproportionaly small in comparison with the large body, and had wrinkles like an old person. The local natives, Nanai, call these beings Kalgamashka, Kalgama, Pujmur or Kal'djami. According to the newspaper, fishermen from the Najkhana settlement claim to have recently seen such a giant on the bank of the river.* It is not told when exactly this encounters happened. The settlements Daergi and Najkhana lie about 85 miles northeast of the city Khabarovsk on the Amur river. Khabarovsk is the capital of the province with the same name in the far east of Russia.
* Savchenko, A. 2006. Kalgamashka on the lower Amur. Vsja Rossija segodnja, 6816 (in Russian).
January 8, 2007
Igor Burtsev on the Examination of two Skulls from Abkazia/Caucasus
August, 2006, the Russian newspaper Komsomol'skaja Pravda 1
reported on the examination of a skull assumed to be from a “relic
hominoid” from Abkazia. Igor Burtsev, who found the skull, was invited
to visit the USA for this.2
to Burtsev, the preliminary result of the DNA analysis is: The skulls
are most likely related. Khwit’s skull is an Australoid type. Some
measurements of the skull are greater than the maximum vales known from
modern man. The female skull is an African type, with a strongly defined
lip and teeth prognatism. Despite the DNA relationship of the skulls,
the anthropologist is skeptical that they are related because of the many
morphological differences. Nothing is shared about Burtsev’s hypothesis
of a genetic relationship to the Neanderthal. A written report of the
examination is expected.
January 30, 2007
Russian website show painting of the “Snowman” in Tajikistan
The website Tochikoni Rossija, a Tajik-Russian Mass Media Project published a photo of the St. Petersburg artist Nikolaj Potapov with his painting of a “relic hominoid”. (www.tajinfo.ru/article/1162144220/pindex.shtml) In the 80’s, Potapov was a participant in a "snowman" expedition in Tajikistan. There, according to the website, he witnessed a “snowman.” He portrayed the being he saw in this painting. This picture has been published numerous times in Russian journals and newspapers.
Even today, there are still no known photos of the “relic hominoid” from the former Soviet Union in which one could recognize the physiognomy. Therefore, the drawings and pictures which came from people who can draw their observation professionally and realistically are significant. Several such pictures are known from the area of the former Soviet Union. Examples of this are the drawings of an observation from the Caucasus by N. Goracharov  and one by a local artist from the Caucasus in the French film Almasty, yeti du Caucase.
Additional professional drawings have been published from the Caucasus by Dmitri Bayanov in his book: In the footsteps of the Russian Snowman (1996): two portraits of the Almasty. According to Bayanov, these came from the eyewitness reports which were collected by Marie-Jeanne Koffmann. Vadim Makarov published, in addition to the portraits and the drawing by A. Goncharova, a picture of a complete body of an Almasty – obviously by the same artist. This had already been published in 1986 in a Swedish monograph by Bayanov and Burtsev and there described as “realistic”. 
Since Boris Porshnev’s time, the hypothesis that the Caucasus Almasty is a Neanderthal has existed. This is also a theme in the recent Russian literature on “relic hominoids”. There are new digital reconstructions of the physiognomy of the Neanderthal, on the basis of skull reconstructions made by Christoph P. E. Zollikofer and Marcia S. Ponce de León on the Anthropological Institute of the University of Zürich. The habitus of these reconstructions is very different from the published drawings from the Caucasus. The reproductions are missing the pronounced pongide character, particularly from the portraits published by Bayanov and Makarov.
In 2002, the Moscow "hominologists" published for the first time that Koffmann and members of her team could observe the Almasty numerous times – in daylight and at a relatively short distance too. 
This leads to two questions on the drawings published by Bayanov and Makarov: Did such researchers/eye-witnesses also participate in the creation of these drawings? If not, how do these researchers/eye-witnesses judge these drawings? The statements made by the locals in the Caucasus are usually influenced by local superstitions and religious taboos. Often, it’s hard for them to describe their observations in a sophisticated manner. This is also a reason why the observations of the researchers are of particular importance.
1 Makarov, Vadim. 2002. Atlas of the Snowman. Moscow: Company Sputnik+, p.181 (in Russian)
February 8, 2007
On the Results of a Altai Expedition in 2006
In February 2006 the Russian regional newspaper Altajskaja Pravda announced to organize a "Snowman" Expedition in the Altai Mountains. In 2006, the newspaper reported on this expedition in a series of about 30 articles by Alexej Gerasimov. The expedition was sponsored by a local businessman. Based on the volume and scope of the publications, only a few concrete results were published. They consist mostly of eye-witness reports. A selection of these follows:
Ivan Starygin, born in 1945, spent his teenager years in the village Souzga on the banks of the Katun river. The adults did not allow the children to go to the other bank. Located there was the former village Tavda. Starygin wanted to go there once, together with other teenagers. Their teacher forbid it at first, but later agreed to go there together with the students. At night, the teenager saw there a two meter tall, hairy figure, similar to a man. One of the boys whistled, and the being whistled back. Another boy whistled, and again another whistle answered.
In May, 1967, a driver from the village Inja in the Ongudajsk district saw a being similar to a man, two meters, tall, on a mountain passage. It was covered in hair. Also in May 1967, a local resident saw a Almys female with two half-grown children.  They were sitting on their back legs. It appeared as if the female was combing her children’s hair. The observation was made at a distance of about 100 meters. 
Nikolaj Keberekov told that he worked as a shepherd in the 1950s, and he found the print of a bare foot, larger than a mans, in the mud around the glacier Ak-Kem. He knew that it was an Almys immediately; he had heard of them from his grandfather. Another time, while on a hunt, he saw an Almys from a distance of 500 meters. It was very large, covered in gray hair. Keberekov went to the place where he had seen him and discovered there a track, similar to that which he had seen at glacier Ak-Kem. The footprint was 10 centimeters longer than his own and significantly wider. (Keberekov had a size 42 foot.) Finally, he saw the Almys himself: he had wide shoulders and long gray hair on his head. Another time Keberekov saw a female Almys with a child. She was wading through a creek. The child sat on her back and had wrapped its arms around her neck; the mother was supporting it with her arms.
A teacher, who did not want to be named, told the following: He was with his pupils on the way to the mount Belukha on the river Ak-Kem. At night, they set up camp. The teacher got up at night to stoke the fire. Then, he heard how someone came into the camp and ate rusk from the pupil’s rations. A pail clattered. In the morning, they discovered that all the bread was gone, but only part of the rusk. The teacher stressed the difference between this and how a bear would behave: the pail was not licked clean and not tipped over. Sugar and sweet cream were not touched. In the ashes of the camp fire, the teacher discovered the print of the front part of a large human foot. The toes were clearly recognizable, particularly the large toe. It was larger than the others. In order to not worry the pupils, the teacher said that the evening visitor had been a large wolverine. But one of the schoolgirls later said to him: “You lied to us then! It was a large uncle. I saw him, because I couldn’t sleep. He stood right next to our tent and was smelling very strong.” It is not messaged in which year this happened.
A resident of the village Katanda in the Ust-Koksa district reported the following: In February, 2003, a nurse was spending the night in a house in the village. She saw a naked, hairy man, who walked around the house numerous times and looked in the window. He was about two meters tall. The print of a large, naked human foot was found at the house. Later, other village residents claimed to have seen the man too. At the end of each article, the readers of Altajskaja Pravda are asked to share any information they have about the “Snowman” with the newspaper editors.
The Altai Mountains are one of the "classic" "Snowman" areas in the former Soviet Union. They were the location for many expeditions. In 1987, the Moscow "hominologists" Bayanov, Koffmann, Makarov and Trachtenherz placed an call for submission in the newspaper Komsomol'skaja Pravda, which appeared throughout the whole Soviet Union: the readers should tell the editors if they knew something about “relic hominoids”. Later, as a result, the three areas with the best chances were named: the Caucasus, northern Russia, and the Altai Mountains.
February 24, 2007
A website on the research in the Kirov province
For the first time in the history of the problem in Russia, Russian researchers based in a presumed "Snowman"-habitat are reporting in the internet about field research that has been going on for several years, continuing up to the present. The website of the local researcher Anatoly Fokin gives comprehensive information on fieldwork in the Kirov region from 2002 to 2006: www.snegnij-chelovek.narod.ru.
Since 1999, the region Kirov has been known for its many Russian media reports on "Snowman" sightings.1 In an interview in Komsomols'skaja Pravda, Dmitri Bayanov mentioned the Kirov region as a work area rich in perspective.2 In his talk at the Bigfoot conference in Willow Creek, USA, in 2003, he invited foreigners to Kirov. Anatoly Fokin is architect and krajeved (local historian) and comes from Kirov. According to his statement, he has been working on the problem since 2003. In 2004 Komsomol'skaja Pravda published an article on Fokin`s fieldwork in Kirov province.3 His research is financially supported by a Moscow businessman. Among other things, this businessman has financed an off-road car and the purchase of two huts. The huts are meant to be set up for scientific work. Even in 2002, Igor Burtsev, Moscow, spoke of the intention to build a base for observations in the Kirov region.4
The website brings together many photos from the field. The most comprehensive parts of the site are a Chronology of Events 2003-2005 and a portrait of 10 expeditions. These expeditions from differing people and associations took place between 2002 and 2006. Further reports on current work have been announced. According to Fokin, among other things, sheltered feeding places have been built. In the chronology, it is claimed that in fall 2005, a "Snowman" family approached one of these places. Grounds presumed to be used as storage, foot prints, and other evidence of their presence are shown in photos.
Because of the numerous media reports which have made the Kirov region known in the last years, its importance can be overestimated. Other areas in the European part of the Russian Federation were, as we know today, more important for field research in the past and they are more important at present.
1 Encounters and research in Kirov province, central European Russia.
2 Kuzmina, Svetlana. 2003. One hundred thousand dollars for he who proves: the Snowman is a fake,
Komsomol’skaja Pravda, October 1, p. 2 (in Russian).
3 Varsegov, Nikolaj. 2004. A Snowman hunter. Komsomol'skaja Pravda, June 29 (in Russian).
4 Polozov, Andrej. 2002. The Snowman is not a myth: it’s possible he lives near Vjatka,
Vjatskij Kraj, Mai 1 (in Russian).
March 1, 2007
Atlas of the Snowman available
Vadim Makarov’s Atlas of the Snowman * can be borrowed through interlibrary loan from the University Library of Freiburg, Germany.** The book was published in 2002 in Moscow. 200 copies were printed. This is probably the most complete book on research of so called “relic hominoids” and their results in the former Soviet Union since Boris Porshnev’s monograph The present state in the question of the problem of relic hominids (Moscow, 1963).
Vadim Makarov is a former president of the Russian Society of Cryptozoologists.
March 24, 2007
Latvia newspaper about encounter in Yakutia
The Russian language newspaper Vesti Segodnja *, which is published in Latvia, published an article from Dmitri Mart in 2005. He writes that in the regional press from Yakutia, reports about the Chuchunaa are sometimes published. According to Mart, the Yakut newspaper Kyym reported the following story: The worker Gavril Starkov told a correspondent of the newspaper that during the afternoons he would observe the ducks on the river Indigirka with binoculars. He was alone. Suddenly, he heard a strange rustling. He lowered his binoculars and saw a shadow move past him. He saw a being similar to a human three to four meters away. It was about two meters tall and completely covered with hair. Starkov was shocked and went into his tent to get his weapon. Suddenly, Starkov’s dog came and attacked his owner. He had to defend himself against his own dog. The human-like being disappeared. Starkov went to the river to travel back to the village in his boat. On the riverbank, he saw large footprints, at least 35 centimeters long. He realized that he had seen a Chuchunaa. The encounter happened in the Tebuljakh district. It is not told when this event happened.
* Mart, Dmitrij. 2005. I believe in the Snowman. Vesti segodnja, 210 (1859), September 12. (in Russian).
April 4, 2007
Encounter in Kyrgyzstan
The newspaper Vechernaja Cheljabinsk*, which appears in the city Cheljabinsk in Western Siberia, published the following report in 2001. The author was visiting locals in the southern part of Kyrgyzstan, near the border of Tajikistan. A local hunter, Aslanbek (his last name is not given), told the following story: “Early in the morning, I was on the lookout for ducks in a gorge, close to the lake. Suddenly, I felt a strong fear. It was foggy, but I felt like someone was close by. There was something in the wind, the fog parted, and I saw an Almysty. He was big, about two meters, and bent over like an old man. He was completely covered in dark gray hair and stared at me. I stared back for a few minutes, and was afraid to move. I expected him to kill me. The elders tell how an Almysty can kill from a distance. But this one turned around and disappeared in the canyon after a few minutes. I ran away from there. Since then, I don’t want to go hunting anymore…” The encounter is said to have taken place in 2000.
Ivanov, Andrej. 2001. The hunt for the “Snowman". Vechernaja Cheljabinsk. Juny 4 (in Russian).
April 29, 2007
Sighting in the Southern Urals
A reader of the Russian newspaper Komsomol’skaja Pravda*, the retiree Gennadij Genin, wrote the following to the editors: A few years ago, he worked as a police officer with a service dog. He spent the night with the dog in the district Satka once. Close to morning, he heard angry barking. When he came out of the tent, Genin saw his dog barking at a bush. There was an “indeterminate silhouette, similar to that of a human” with two eyes that glowed. The “animal” responded to the barking with a noise similar to that of a magpie. The dog was afraid, tucked his tail under, and pushed himself up against Genin’s legs.
Genin couldn’t understand what could make the dog so afraid – a dog which had even participated in bear hunts. The red eyes in the bush disappeared. In the dawn light, Genin saw in the bush a large human footprint in the dry grass, lightly covered with snow.
The Russian newspaper Volkhov reported in March 2006 about Nikolaj Avdeev’s field work in the southern Urals.1 According to the author Avdeev began his research in the Caucasus and in mid-Asia. Later he worked in the polar Urals. At the beginning of the 1980’s it was also claimed that the "Snowman" had been observed in the southern Urals: close to the village Novgorny, near to the city Sneshinsk.2
Avdeev left this village together with his colleague Sergej Shishkov in April 1990 to go on a search. Not far from Novgorny, they found scratch marks on trees that are typical for the “Snowman”. In the mountain range Zigalg, it is claimed that Sishkov became an eye witness. Avdeev described his own observation in this area with the following words: “On July 28, 1990, I went down the path and noticed a pile of branches. This hadn’t been there one day before. After I had gone 20 meters further, the pile flew apart and the Snowman appeared from it. He turned his head this way and that. I took my camera and this bent being with long, hanging arms came in my direction. I had wanted to meet him, but when I did see him, all I wanted to do was run away without turning around!” Avdeev claims that he took a picture of this being while he had this chance. He collected hair that was hanging on the branches, and sent them, along with the photo, for examination to the “State Optical Institute” and the biological department of the St. Petersburg University.
The St. Petersburg biologist Valentin Sapunov judged the photo as follows: “On the photo, one can see a being similar to a human pictured with an estimated height of 2.5 meters. The being has a massive figure and well-defined muscles. The being is male, covered with hair, which was matted down, probably because of rain. Based on the height and proportions of the object, one can estimate that the being weighs 250-300 kilos.”3 By comparing the hair to those of apes, it was determined that the hair came from a being similar to humans.
Each year from 1993-2000, Avdeev pitched his tent from spring to fall on the mountain Nurgush (1200 meters), the highest peak of the Cheljabinsk province. There, in 1993, it is claimed that the “Snowman” came to his tent at night. Avdeev heard steps and that someone was beating against the tent. He took his hatchet and flashlight and went out, but didn’t see anyone. In the morning, he saw that the maps had been ripped over the tent.
It is reported that he had a further encounter in September 1996. He heard someone beating against the tea pot, which was hanging in front of the tent over the camp fire. He shone his light outside the tent and saw footprints in the snow. Then he saw the being itself, five steps away: “The face was black, wrinkled, with a small nose and massive jaw. But the worst was the eyes: red and without expression.” Avdeev and the being looked at each other for a moment, then the “Snowman” tried to "push away" the beam of light from the flashlight. Then he turned around and disappeared in the forest. According to the author the last time Avdeev saw the “Snowman” was in September 2003, between the mountain ranges Nurgush and Jagodny. It was raining. Avdeev sat at the edge of the forest. He saw a “Snowman” 40 meters away, "bouncing" as he walked on his toes.
August 20, 2007
TV Documentary with Igor Burtsev in June 2007
In June 2007, a Russian TV documentary, within the program of National Geographic was broadcast on various channels in some countries of the former Soviet Union: Reality or Fantasy: The Snowman from Russia.
The Belarussian http://www.teleset.gomel.by announced the documentary as follows: We are making it known, together with Igor Burtsev, who describes himself as a hominologist – a scientist, who studies human-like beings – that Snowmen have occupied the earth since ancient times. In his collection, he has hair samples, plaster casts of tracks and even two skulls, which possibly come from the Snowman. Together with Igor, we are traveling to the USA for a DNA analysis, which will confirm or deny that these skulls are part of the remains of prehistoric primates.
September 22, 2007
Almasty bones examined in Paris?
The German website www.kryptozoologie-online.de reported in July 2007 on the Weird Weekend 2007, organized by the Centre for Fortean Zoology (CFZ), which took place in August in Great Britain:
October 28, 2007
Correspondents met Nikolaj Avdeev in the Southern Urals
Correspondents of the Russian newspaper Moskovskij Komsomolez Ural met the researcher Nikolaj Avdeev, along with his co-worker Anatoly Bovik in his field work area in the mountain chain Nurgush. This is located in the Zjuratkul’ national park in the Southern Urals, about 90 miles west of the city Cheljabinsk. According to the author, Avdeev is now 58 years old, and has been working on the search for the wild people for 17 years. Anatoly Bovik claims that he has found a camp of the forest people.
Avdeev told the correspondents: During the 1990s, reports of encounters with the forest people were coming more frequently from the villages on the Great Nurgush Mountain. One resident of the village Meseda - about 20 miles south of the national park – said: “Leshij – that’s a man, just very hairy.” Father Peter, the priest of the village Tjuljuk – 20 miles southwest of the national park – said: “No, there’s no Snowman here, but once a villager and his wife returned from mowing the grass at night and suddenly heard some sort of steps, and heavy breathing. The ducked into the shadow and saw that something large and hairy passed them by… that was the Leshij.”
* Verigo, Vladislav. 2007. On the tracks of Snowman. Moskovskij Komsomol’ez Ural. 34 (529), August 22-29 (in Russian).
The newspaper reports about some encounters in the Southern Urals : The lower officer Juri Volkov heard stories from soldiers about a hairy being, similar to humans. Early morning, around 2 a.m. , he heard strange screams. On the evening of September 10 he then saw a hairy being, no shorter than 2.5 meters, at the edge of a swamp. The being was only about 15 meters away from him. It went past him and glanced at him briefly. The lance corporal Erik Galiulin described another encounter: on the 19th of September, around 4 p.m. , he was on guard about 5 kilometers away from a military object. There, he saw a large, hairy, two-legged being. The figure was somehow “square”, covered with dark fur.
Igor Zagoskin from the village Novogornovo was hunting on the Ulagakh lake. As dusk fell, he noticed a hairy being in the reeds. It was lying on its stomach between the bushes. Zagoskin thought that it was a large badger and turned it onto its back – but human-like eyes were looking at him from a hum-like face. He balled his hands into fists, held them to his chest, and didn’t react. He went into the village to get some help, but when he came back, nothing was left in the reeds.
In the spring of 2002, a guard from the zoo of Cheljabinsk city was alerted though the strange barking of one of the guard dogs. The dog was very worked up, and tried to break free. The guard and some random visitors of the zoo were witnesses to how a large, hairy being tried to jump over the fence of the park. Just as he had almost cleared the fence, the dog broke free and attached the interloper. The being fled, following a short fight. Cries and murmurs could be heard coming from his direction. The dog returned in the morning covered with blood. Tufts of gray hair and footprints were discovered on the fence. The blood and hair were examined. The examination reveled that the hair did not belong to any known animal, but rather to an unknown primate.
The size of the footprints were 50 x 25 centimeters, the length of the stride was about 2 meters. The next morning, and employee saw a three-meter tall being in the forest near the zoo. He walked away from it. The zoo’s veterinarian, Valentin Gorbenko, examined the hair and tracks. According to the newspaper, he thought that this “Snowman” came to the zoo looking for food following his winter hibernation. He also thinks that the creature was a descendant of one which was seen at the zoo 10 years earlier. The article ends with a mention of Maya Bykova and the famous encounter of Ivan Turgenev in the 19th century. The Cheljabinsk zoo story was the topic of a discussion in the Russian "Snowman" scene. A significant number of people do not find this story to be believable.
* Lotokhin, Vladimir. 2005. Snowman from the forbidden zone. Na Grani Nevozmozhnogo, 18 (375) (in Russian).
2005, the great Russian television company VID produced
a documentary about life and work of Dr. Marie-Jeanne Koffmann:
Italics are translations from the Russian.
In November 2007, the Russian newspaper Zhizn’ (Life) published an article about the local wild man “Chuchunaa” in Yakutia, Eastern Siberia.1 The newspaper quotes the geologist Vladimir Chirikov, who lives in Yakutia: “The creature lives in caves in the mountain range, where the hot springs are. He protects his shelter against the cold and animals with rocks.” The geologist claims that he has found these caves in the mountains multiple times, which were closed with large rocks. He had previously found them open. He explained that he can tell the difference between stones that lay there naturally and those which have been laid by someone. According to Chirikov, the Chuchunaa moves rocks which are so big even three men couldn’t have moved them. The mountain range Kisiljakh is named, where local hunters have had encounters with Chuchunaa and have found his tracks more than once. The native Yakuts and Evenks describe this place as a “forbidden place.” Even a long and intense look at these mountains is considered by the native elders to be an “An’y” (sin).
Chirikov claims that the Chuchunaa kidnaps people, which he says happened to one of his relatives: One day she disappeared during a strong frost when she was still a child. Her parents looked everywhere for her without success. They called off the search because they thought that the child had frozen to death somewhere. But after two years, the child returned. She said that she had lived with “mountain people,” who lived in caves. These people didn’t use any fire, but it was still warm in the caves. They couldn’t talk and were covered in hair. Only the face was free of hair. They could whistle and had piercing screams.
1 Mar’janov, Valdimir. 2008. Did a Yeti relocate to Belarus? Salidarnasz’, July 7 (in Russian)
February 24, 2010
In 2009, the large Ukrainian newspaper Segodnya (Today) published an article on Gregory Panchenko, regarding his expedition with a British group of the Centre of Fortean Zoology to Kabardino-Balkaria, Northern Caucasus, in the summer of 2008. 
In addition to informations about this expedition which had already been published, the newspaper quotes Panchenko as stating the following: "Personally, I was most impressed with the case where two different adult men each told me the story - one year apart - about what they had experienced when they were teenagers. They saw Almasty when they were both sitting on a horse. The observation in itself was not really unusual. The fact that most impressed me was that so many of the details were identical. (Of course, neither of the eye witnesses knew that I was meeting with the other - and anyways, they hadn't seen each other for 15 years.) The only difference between the two stories also impressed me, but this difference can be easily explained. When the horse sensed and saw the Almasty, it suddenly reared up, and only one of the two men could stay on: the one sitting in the saddle. The other man was sitting behind him and holding onto his partner. This man said: 'When the horse suddenly stood still, as if made from stone, I hopped off but was able to land on my feet. I didn't fall down and wasn't afraid. But my old friend was very shocked, even though he stayed in the saddle.' The man who remained in the saddle remembers the story differently: 'My friend fell off the horse and rolled on the ground. He was so afraid that his teeth were chattering. There was no reason for me to be afraid. I stayed on the horse as a Dsigitt should.' Other than this, all the details about the encounter and the description of the Almasty were completely identical between the two men [...]." According to Panchenko, the Almasty are not only surviving, but also multiplying. Almost every expedition brings more evidence of children.
According to the newspaper, Panchenko first participated in a Caucasus expedition in the mid-1980s. At the time, he was a biology student at the Kharkov State University, Ukraine. Anatoly Sidorenko was the leader of this expedition, who was able to meet the Almasty in 1983. The newspaper printed a photo of Panchenko on his way to the Caucasus in 2008 and claims that the 2008 expedition was "filmed for British television". They are most likely referring to the film The Moutains of Mystery made by the British group. It contains some significant conclusions about earlier field results of the soviet-russian researchers. This film also reports of Anatoly Sidorenko's encounter in the 1980s in Kabardino-Balkaria: At an abandoned farmhouse close to the settlemet Nejtrino: "...from a hiding place he saw a specimen, past by four meters away. It was under two meters tall [...] It had grey hair [...] its nose was humanlike but smaller [...] it had short neck, swanged long arms [...]." 
Sidorenko also claims to have seen a different object from the Caucasus field research, a large snake, in a cave near the village Sarmakovo. In the film, Panchenko explains on observations of Almasty in a very small territory inside the Elbrus district: "[...] they have not seen, but they know about...especially in Gubasanty and Kisgen any year somebody tells about meeting with Almasty. That is absolutely usual for them [...]." This refers to the localities of two small former Balkarian villages on the deforested left slope of the upper Baksan valley, Elbrus district.
The great Russian newspaper Nezavisimaja Gazeta published an article in 2008 about a footprint find in eastern Karachay-Cherkessia, Northern Caucasus, among other topics. There was a meteorological station on the plateau of mount Bermamyt, during the Soviet time, which has not been in service since the end of 1990. According to the newspaper, Valeri Kopzov, at that time the chief of the station, and his colleagues heard about encounters with Almasty, the local wildman, several times.*
New hominid DNA from the Altai, southern Siberia
According to a short message in the Ukrainian newspaper Vostochny Projekt , edidet in Kramatorsk city, in September 2009, the cryptozoologists Gregory Panchenko from Kharkov and Anatoly Sidorenko from Kramatorsk found signs of life and footprints from the “Yeti” in the Konstantinovka district, Donetsk province ("Donbass"), near the water reservoir Kleban-Byk in August 2009. An article with a photo about the expedition was announced to be coming in a following edition.* So far as is known, this article has not yet appeared.
Vadim Makarov – a member of the Moscow group around Dmitri Bayanov and Dr. Marie-Jeanne Koffmann - also published in his book Atlas of the Snowman (2002) regarding Donetsk province, the industrial center of the eastern Ukraine. He wrote: “… Anatoly Sidorenko collected many stories about the observation of “wild people” in the 1970s and 80s in a few areas of the Donetsk province and the bordering provinces. […] According to Sidorenko, even in this heavily populated industrial center, there are quite a few places with such thick brush that humans haven’t walked there in decades. […] Sidorenko and his helpers have examined many of such places and have discovered some camps which are those of the “wild men,” in their opinion." Makarov also published an eye witness report from a woman who is said to have observed a “wild man” in the Donetsk district in 1979.**
* Anonymouse. 2009. Yeti on the Donbass. Sensation! Expedition of Kharkov and Kramatorsk cryptozoologists
Regarding his Caucasus Expedition in 2008, together with Panchenko, Sidorenko and the British group, one can read: “There are practically not any new stories, civilization is moving forward and the Almasty are drawing back more and more. In the areas where it used to be easy to find Snowmen, this time, they’re not there anymore. […] After the last trip, we put together a list of the areas with the most chances […] In the Caucasus, cases where the Almasty drank light wine were documented. After that, even in the 1980s, the researchers could calculate the ‘daily ration” of an Almasty." 
 Natashkina, Belka. 2009.Yeti. Glasa na protiv. Turtess Holiday, 8, pp. 86-91.
October 12, 2010
Azerbaijan TV on an Encounter in the eastern Caucasus
On April 4, 2010, the Azerbaijani TV channel Leader reported on an encounter with “Snowman” in the Eastern Caucasus in 2010 during the program “QA”. A few herders from the village Hina in Azerbaijan saw a “Snowman” slowly pass by their hut in the morning and evening of the same day. During the show, one of the herders, Elnur Talibi, reported on this observation at the location where this happened.
Russian TV Regarding an Observation in the Northwest Caucasus in January, 2011